Your Morkie is, of course, half Maltese so it’s good to know as much as possible about the lovely Maltese. What are the differences between the Maltese and the Yorkshire Terrier, the other half of the Morkie dog?
One of the oldest dog breeds
Evidence of Maltese dogs goes back centuries and centuries – literally.
Maltese originated about 6000 B.C., likely in Asia, and were worshipped by the ancient Egyptians.
- Although the breed originated in Asia, Maltese are usually associated with the Isle of Malta, a tiny island off the coast of Italy. Phoenician traders may have brought the dogs to Malta and the surrounding Mediterranean countries around the 10th century B.C.
- The Maltese dog is one of the ancient breeds, which means it has very strong DNA ties to wolves. Other dogs in this category include the Lhasa Apso from Tibet; the Pekingese from China; the Shih Tzu, also from China, and the Samoyed from Russia.
- In the 1600 and 1700s, the breed was made even smaller, by cross-breeding with poodles and miniature spaniels. It has been the same size since then.
Is the Maltese a Terrier?
NO! Also, though some people refer to the Maltese as a “Maltese Terrier,” the Maltese is not a terrier. The breed’s long bloodlines are through the Spaniel group, not terriers, and they don’t have any terrier characteristics, such as being aggressive and chasing prey.
Maltese are much more gentle in spirit than the feisty Yorkie Terrier.
There’s also no such thing as a ‘teacup’ or ‘miniature’ Maltese; these are just smaller (and often unhealthy) dogs – the runts of the litter.
Like the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese have hair, not fur. Since neither breed has an undercoat, there’s very little shedding.
That hair should be perfectly straight, and the longer the better. In a Maltese show dog, the hair hangs to the ground. Most owners keep their Maltese clipped down in a “puppy cut” which is easier to manage.
Black lips, dark brown eyes and a black nose complete the little Maltese – which ideally shouldn’t exceed 7 pounds, but often grows to 12 or 14 pounds or more.
Maltese have a slightly rounded skull, with a finger-wide dome, and a black button nose and eyes. The body is compact and fine-boned but sturdy; it’s slightly longer than it is tall with a level top line. The Maltese chest is deep.
The drop ears with long hair and dark eyes surrounded by darker skin pigmentation (called a “halo”), gives Maltese their expressive look.
Maltese were bred from the beginning to be luxurious companions. They love human companionship and are very loyal to their owners. Maltese are lively and playful, but always gentle.Even as a Maltese ages, his energy level and playful personality remain high.
Maltese are cuddly, playful, spirited and loving. The Maltese is active within a house, and, preferring enclosed spaces, does very well with small yards. So they do well in apartments and townhouses, an ideal urban pet.
Because they’re so devoted to people, Maltese can suffer from separation anxiety. Like any small dog who is spoiled, they can also fall victim to “Small Dog Syndrome,” although less so than the more forceful Yorkshire Terrier.
Is Maltese barking ‘bred in the bone?’
- bred-in-the-bone: Deeply instilled; firmly established.Persistent; habitual.
- Maltese will almost always bark when someone comes to your door or enters your space, especially when that someone is a stranger
- Barking is one habit of the Maltese that is very difficult to break and it may be because (according to legend) Maltese, dogs of court ladies for hundreds of years, were taught to bark to warn their owners that their husbands were returning home so it was time to get other ‘gentlemen visitors’ out!!
- Maltese barking, like Yorkie barking, can get really out of control if the dog:
- doesn’t get enough positive attention
- is not exercised enough
- the owner doesn’t know how to manage and train against excessive barking.
Excessive barking – Yorkie, Maltese or Yorkie – can be managed and it’s easier than you think.
Maltese Dog Quick Facts
Average lifespan – typically 13 to 16 years.
Size 4 to 7 lb. is the ideal breed standard, established by Kennel Clubs around the world, and 8 to 10 inches high at the shoulders.The body is compact with the length equaling the height. The Maltese has been a very small dog since it was introduced centuries ago.
Temperament Bred to be cuddly companion dogs, Maltese thrive on lots of love and attention. They are very lively and playful dogs, and stay ‘puppy-like’ into old age.
Easy to house train? Potty training a Maltese can be challenging just because they’re toy dogs, which are always more difficult to train. However, with patience and firmness, it can be done.
Grooming needs Maltese need regular grooming which includes combing, brushing and baths. Their hair is kept out of the eyes with a “ponytail” or “top-knot.”
Allergy-free? Not technically but just like Yorkies, Maltese hardly shed at all and they have less “dander,” or the stuff that makes us sneeze, than most dogs. Because they have hair, not fur, they mostly shed only when they are combed. Yorkies, Morkies and Maltese are just like Poodles that way.
Bark a lot? Maltese dogs can bark a lot; in fact it’s the number one reason they’re ‘turned back’ or given to a shelter.
Exercise needs – Maltese love a small enclosed yard to frolic and romp.
Intelligence – average. Maltese rank 59th out of the 132 breeds tested. (Dr. Stanley Coren, an expert on animal intelligence in The Intelligence of Dogs). This compares to Yorkies, who rank #27 on the intelligence scale.
Good with small children? Yes, Maltese are a little more sturdy than Yorkshire Terriers; however like any small dog, they can be hurt by small children playing too roughly.
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See: All about the Yorkie