Can Dogs Thrive on a Vegan Food & Treats Diet?

Can Dogs Thrive on a Vegan Food & Treats Diet?

Special Post by Chris Holzhauer
Chris is a freelance writer and pet specialist. His website is www.simplypets.com Chris can be reached at [email protected]

If you are reading this post, most probably you are a vegan or your dog has meat allergy to certain types of meat. You are looking for an answer to the question “can dog survive on a vegan food & treats diet?” Well, it depends on many factors. It is possible for a dog to consume vegetables. But you cannot expect your dog to get rid of meat completely.

Many studies suggest that dogs can digest vegetable protein. People, in general, consider the dog to be carnivorous. But they have the characteristics of omnivores.

There are some animals from the Carnivora order who frequently consume plants. To defend the omnivorous nature of the dog, people present the example of the panda., which has the physical characteristics designed to eat meat, but they prefer plants and eat mostly bamboo. 

There are debates over the total vegetarian dog. It might seem cute to hear the word “Vegetarian dog,“ but ithere is some considerable health risk involved. Because, most of the dog from very early age, are accustomed to eating animal protein, vegetables without any meat might be stressful for their digestive system.

Some dogs are allergic to certain types of meat. So to compensate for the lack of nutrition, you can add vegetables to your dog food. Vegetables that are rich in protein will be good for the dog’s nutrition.

Can Dogs Survive on a Vegan Food & Treats Diet?

A vegetarian diet system for the dog is a new idea. Many people are thinking of being vegan. Although it had started as a healthy diet change, now for some, it’s a way of life. So they also want to add their beloved pet in that lifestyle.

It isn’t completely impossible for a dog to have a moderate vegetarian diet. But the diet should contain the proper amount of meat. It is natural for the dog to go for the meat if meat and vegetables are presented to the dog at the same time. You can’t just turn your dog into a vegetarian overnight.

So, if you truly want to serve vegan food to the dog, you can do that by following these instructions.

A Vegan Menu for Dogs

Dogs have the ability to consume a variety of vegetables. As mentioned before, vegetables that are rich with protein should be your first choice. Vegetable such as pulses, bean, carrot, broccoli, and other vegetables which are rich with proteins can be considered for dog food.

Protein is easy for the dog to digest and turn them into amino acid. It is tough for the dog’s stomach to digest vegetables that have no protein. Then the stomach has to collect Amino Acid from other kinds of components of the vegetable. It is both stressful and not enough for dogs.

So you should always look for vegetables rich in protein. To provide the daily requirement of protein, you can try adding an egg, which is an excellent source of protein. Adding an egg is not a true vegan diet; it’s called an ovo-vegetarian diet.

You need to take some precautions if you want your dog to be vegan. Although they can consume various vegetables, some could have a harsh effect on your pet. Bunch of vegetables has components that are harmful or non-consumable for dogs. So do a thorough study before choosing a vegan diet for your dog . If you keep giving vegetables that your dog won’t like, it might eat less. That is not what you want for your dog. Another critical issue is that you have to ensure that your dog gets the right amount of neutrinos from its food. So choose the correct mix of meat and vegetable to ensure the good health of your dog.

You can find vegan dog food in the market. There is some good brand of vegan dog food which you can get for your dog.

Provide supplements

Naturally, vegetables don’t have the same kind of components as meat. There are some proteins, that is almost impossible to find among vegetables which exist in meat. Lack of these proteins will cause some pretty nasty disease.

These missing protein can be compensated with supplements. Even if you make sure that your dog gets proper protein, vitamin, and mineral, there is a fair chance that your dog might miss other essential compound needed for its body. So you may give supplements to your dog with the consent of a vet. It will make up for the ingredients required for the dog’s immune system.

Whatever you do, don’t do anything without consulting with the doctor.

If your Morkie doesn’t want to eat the food, don’t force it. First, try adding a little bit of vegetable with the meat. Then gradually try to increase vegetable. Always keep a certain amount of meat in the dog food. Do not go for a vegan diet, if your dog totally refuses to eat vegetables.

check with your vet before making changes

Bone Broth for dogs: is it right for your Morkie?

Bone Broth for dogs: is it right for your Morkie?

Bone broth is the latest thing for dogs; it’s a pot of nutritious minerals and nutrients that dogs love, and is super easy to make and very good for your dog. Should your Morkie be getting bone broth for dogs, the latest superfood?

Benefits of Bone Broth

  • Nutrient dense
  • Easy to digest
  • Helps dogs with digestive problems
  • Supports your dog’s immune system and detoxes his liver
  • Helps protect your Morkie’s joints
  • Promotes probiotic balance and growth
  • Is full of minerals, including calcium, silicon, sulphur, magnesium and phosphorus

Bone Broth for Dogs

It’s great as a regular supplement and especially good for dogs who have diarrhea or are vomiting.

 

How to Use It

Use bone broth to moisten dry food, hydrate your Morkie when he’s sick and as a base for a complete meal.

Pour it on food; your dog won’t likely drink it on his own.

 

If Your Morkie is Feeling Sick

You could try an ounce or two in an eyedropper. Pull back his lip and empty the dropper between lip and gums.

roasted bones in bone broth

Make Your Own Bone Broth for Dogs or Buy It Ready-Made

Bone broth is loaded with:

  • amino acids
  • gelatin, which helps support your dog’s need for protein
  • important minerals like calcium, magnesium phosphorus, silicon, sulfur, and other trace minerals
  • glycine, which helps digestion by regulating the bile
  • joint protecting compounds like chondroitin, glucosamine, and hyaluronic acid

 

 

You can make bone broth yourself, or buy it in powdered form. 

download symbol

Download printable recipes here.

It’s easy and inexpensive to make bone broth yourself. A crock pot or super pot helps but you can also make bone broth in a big soup pot on the stove.

Organic, free-range chicken and grass-fed beef are good choices if you want to avoid added hormones and antibiotics.

 

use a variety of bones for bone broth

For the best results, use a variety of bones, including knucklebones and joints.

RECIPE I: BASIC BONE BROTH

Margaret Nee from The Art Of Dog

Gather up raw or cooked ones, and be sure to include joint bones with cartilage. (Rinse off any sauce on cooked bones.) Examples include turkey wings and leg bones; chicken feet and necks; knucklebones; beef marrow bones, or bones from your own meals.

Completely cover the bones with water, and add 2 to 4 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar or lemon juice.

Add about 1/2 cup fresh parsley at the very end, just before you take the broth off the heat.

Start the mixture on high to get it going, then turn it to very low and cook for the day.

*Chicken bones can cook for 24 hours. Beef bones can cook for 48 hours.

When it is finished cooking, strain the bones (do not feed to your dog). Chill the remaining liquid and skim excess fat off the top when cooled. The broth should be a jelly-like consistency when cooled.

You can freeze this broth in small containers, even ice cube trays, or store in your refrigerator for about 4 days.

Download printable copy.

For even more nutrition, add any of the following while the broth cooks:

sage, rosemary, thyme, oregano, basil, fennel seed
burdock root
dandelion root
kelp
kale
green beans
broccoli
celery
carrots
fennel
quinoa
a piece of fresh ginger

Be sure to strain these extras out before using the broth.

jelly bone broth

The best broth looks like a jelly when it’s done and cooled.

Gelatin that’s been drawn out of the bones makes this broth jelly-like.

If yours isn’t that gelatinous, don’t worry. Use the broth anyway and next time, add more apple cider vinegar or lemon juice to ensure it gels.

Recipe 2 – Fiskesuppe

Animal Wellness Magazine

2 pounds fish bones, including heads, tails, and the trimmings after cleaning
1 teaspoon sea salt
1 bay leaf
4 cups filtered water
Herbs can also be added, including flat or curly parsley

Put all ingredients in a large stockpot and bring to a boil. Turn down to a simmer and cook for one hour. Remove the pot from heat and strain out the bones, using a very fine sieve or cheesecloth pulled tightly over a clean pot. Press with the back of a ladle or wooden spoon to remove all the liquid.

Download printable copy.

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Recipe 3 – Chicken Bone Broth with Turmeric

Dr. Axe

4 lbs. chicken necks, feet, and wings. You can also use the chicken frame if you can get it. Organic, free-range chicken is an excellent choice to avoid added hormones and antibiotics

2 carrots, chopped
3 celery stocks
1 teaspoon Himalayan salt
3 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
2 bay leaves
3 sprigs fresh thyme
5 to 6 sprigs parsley
1 teaspoon oregano
1 tablespoon powdered turmeric
1 pinch ground cumin
1 section of fresh ginger cut into small pieces

Bring to a boil, then reduce to low heat. Simmer for 24–48 hours, skimming fat occasionally. This low and long cooking time increases the chicken bone broth benefits as there is lots of time for the ingredients to release their goodness into the broth.

Once the broth is cooled, strain out the solids and chill. Then remove the layer of hard fat on top.

Use within 4 to 5 days or freeze.

Download printable copy.

Bone broth ready for the refrigerator

Bone broth ready for the refrigerator. Use it within 4 days or else freeze it.

Buy quality dried bone broth for your Morkie

Homemade bone broth is by far, better than store bought, but if you don’t have the time, pick one that offers at least 10 grams of protein per 8 ounce serving.

Avoid products with additives, coloring or flavor enhancers. Quality products should not contain sugar, hydrolyzed proteins, yeast extract, disodium inosinate, disodium guanylate, and maltodextrin.

Grass-fed beef and pasture raised or free-range poultry bones are superior.

READ MORE

 

Bone Broth for Dogs Available on Line

Is bone broth the same as soup stock?

“No. The key to the power of bone broth is long, long cooking time. That’s what pulls the nutrition right out of the bones. The regular broth has only a fraction of the nutrients, and little or no gelatin. The stock has more gelatin, but not as much as bone broth—and it doesn’t cook long enough to extract as many bone-deep nutrients.

 

 

“So bone broth isn’t the same as stock or broth. It has more gut-healing gelatin, more anti-inflammatory nutrients, and more building blocks of skin-smoothing collagen. It even has more flavor, because it simmers for a longer time.”

— from https://www.epicurious.com

Can dogs eat nuts?

Can dogs eat nuts?

Most dogs love peanut butter, but what about nuts? Can dogs eat nuts safely? The answer is, yes they can eat SOME nuts but others are dangerous.

For a small dog like a Morkie, any type of nut can be a problem:

 

 

  1. most tree nuts are infected with low levels of mold, including pistachios, walnuts, hickory nuts, and pecans. Moldy nuts contain aflatoxins, which can lead to lifelong health troubles for your dog, including liver failure.
  2. almost any nut can be a choking hazard in little breeds
  3. large nuts, like whole pecans and walnuts, can actually block your small dog’s stomach or intestines, causing tremendous digestive system problems.
  4. dogs with sensitive stomachs or a condition like pancreatitis shouldn’t have nuts because they can lead to discomfort and diarrhea.

Deadly: macadamia nuts

These delicious buttery nuts from Hawaii and Australia are THE worst thing for a dog. Why? They contain an unknown toxin that attacks the nervous system, causing  severe neurological problem.

Your dog might appear drunk, staggering all over; or he may lose his ability to walk (temporarily or permanently!) Severe vomiting and weakness can also be symptoms.

 

If you suspect your Morkie has eaten macadamia nuts, see the vet at once.

More Nuts to Avoid

Almonds aren’t as dangerous or deadly but they can cause a lot of digestive upset for your Morkie, along with the choking possibility.

Pistachios are “OK” except if they are mouldy and this type of nut is susceptible to mould.  Not enough for us to notice, let alone affect us but for a small dog, they can mean trouble.

Cashews don’t contain anything particularly poisonous to dogs but they ARE high in fact which can lead to obesity and even kick start pancreatitis in your small dog.

Brazil nuts are THE fattiest of all nuts, so again, should be avoided because of the risk of pancreatitis.

Walnuts are not only responsible for severe digestive illness in dogs, they can obstruct the bowel, leading to  more serious problems.  Plus, they’re one of “the moldies.”  (Black Walnuts are just as bad for dogs.)

 

 

No to Black Walnuts

Be aware of some wacky advice on holistic and all-natural dog care sites: they are encouraging us to switch from harsh deworming chemicals and medicines, to more natural ways to fight worms, like chamomile. BUT one thing that’s mentioned as a dewormer is Black Walnut! There’s often an accompanying warning, like this one:

“Black Walnut. Black walnut is a very effective natural dewormer, but it can be harsh on your dog’s system, so keep it for cases that don’t improve with the more gentle solutions listed above.

 

While it can effectively get rid of parasites (even heartworm), the strong ingredients in black walnut can cause vomiting, diarrhea and gastritis. It’s best to use it in consultation with a holistic vet.”

 

DogsNaturallyMagazine.com

No to Almonds

The AKC says avoid almonds for your dog because they can cause digestion problems even though they aren’t as toxic as some nuts.  If your Morkie gets into almonds, expect him to have an upset stomach, pain in the stomach, gas and possibly diarrhea.

No to Pecans

Pecans are bad for dogs because they can cause aflatoxin poisoning. Symptoms include loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting, colored urine and jaundice, liver failure, blood-tinged vomit, and bloody or blackened stools.

Peanuts aren't nuts - SO THEY'RE OK

What about peanuts and peanut butter?

Peanuts and peanut butter are NOT toxic to dogs – because they’re not nuts.  

But don’t feed your Morkie too many, because of their higher fat content. Avoid salted or seasoned peanuts. Peanut butter is another treat dogs seem to love, and it can be an occasional treat or used in making dog biscuits.

While “nut” is in their name, peanuts are legumes just like kidney beans, peas or lentils. Peanuts grow underground, while most other nuts grow on trees.

 

peanuts growing

Here’s how peanuts grow – underground from the green leafy peanut plant.

The One Peanut Butter that IS Bad for Dogs - Very Bad!

More and more manufacturers are offering ‘low cal’ peanut butter. It’s made with XYLITOL, a sugar substitute which is HIGHLY DANGEROUS to dogs.

Please watch for this ingredient on a number of foods and candies that your Morkie might get into.

Smarter Snacks for your Morkie

Instead of nuts, try your Morkie with a small piece of your favorite fruit – apple, banana, peach.  (NOT grapes).

Or try some veggies including a bit of carrot, celery or a green bean.

No matter how healthy a snack might be, remember the 10% rule – only 10% of your Morkie’s total calories per day should be made up of snacks. The rest should be a balanced dry or wet food or a combination.

READ MORE

What is the best dog food for your Morkie?

READ

MORE

 

Check this site

Find a lot more information on human foods your dog should avoid on the site, Fido’s Favorites.  Plus you’ll find other helpful articles there.

Fidos Favorites website

Small breed dog food – does your Morkie need it?

Small breed dog food – does your Morkie need it?

Small breed dog food is the latest spin manufacturers are putting on commercial pet foods… but do small dogs need a special diet? And why are these so formulas much more money than food for ‘full size’ dogs?  More about the industry’s latest scheme.

There are dozens of special foods on the market now specially made for toy dog breeds; they are the latest from manufacturers like Wellness, Nutro, Blue Wilderness and a host of others.

But are they actually unique? And does your Morkie need to be on one of these small breed dog foods?

 

Today’s dogs are meant to eat MEAT. But plant material can’t hurt them, just fill them up. That’s something small dogs do not need; instead, every bite they eat should be maximum  nutrition.

All dogs need the same, good nutrition

Dogs are carnivores, not matter their size. Some experts say they are also omnivores – or eaters of just about anything. Their teeth are definitely for eating meat. But their intestines are longer than cats, who are true carnivores. So dogs CAN digest some amount of plant material.

A dog’s ancestor, the grey wolf, is primarily a carnivore. But dogs adapted over time to be scavengers, picking up the leftovers from humans, and generally eating whatever they could find. Meat was preferred, but not too many dogs will turn down a biscuit.

 

Commercial diets with plant filler

Any food with corn as its first ingredient, is not top quality nutrition. Corn is used for one reason only – it is an inexpensive filler.

Corn is a contentious subject in the world of dog food, Some experts claim dogs can get nutritional value from corn; others say, they can’t really digest corn, so it’s of little value.

Corn is a cheap filler, and small dogs like Morkies don’t need fillers. Every bite they eat should be nutritious since they’re so small.

 

What ARE the nutritional needs of a toy dog?

Toys need a quality diet of protein, fats and carbohydrates*. Carbs are starred, because they’re not technically NEEDED, but are usually the carriers of important vitamins, minerals and plant-based nutrients.

But guess what? Any size dog needs a quality diet of protein, fats and carbohydrates.

pet food treats in a dog bowl

Just some of the well-known commercial dog foods that have corn as their #1 ingredient:

Everpet Dog Food (Dry)
Gravy Train
Kal Kan Dog Food (Dry)
Kibbles ‘n Bits
Purina Dog Chow
Ol’ Roy Dog Food (Dry)
Pedigree Dog Food (Dry)

Hill’s Science Diet (Canned)

How important is small size kibble?

If you feed your Morkie a dry diet (kibble) how important is the SIZE of the kibble pieces?

Many Vets recommend that you add water – an equal amount as the kibble – to the meal before you give it to your dog. That’s because kibble diets can be very drying and can even result in dehydration.

So if you follow that advice, the size of the kibble doesn’t really matter, since it will soften right down.

Otherwise, the kibble size shouldn’t be an issue. Look at how a toy dog will grab onto a meaty raw bone and you’ll see there’s nothing too big for these guys!

 

Your Best Bet for Toy Dog Diets

 If you feed your Morkie commercial dog food, look for:

 

  • good quality food, with a high levels of protein
  • without fillers like corn, soybeans or glutens (if they’re listed in the first 5 ingredients, try another brand)
  • add at least some fresh food to your dog’s diet, by hand; a little bit of beef or chicken (raw or cooked); veggies your dog might like and even fruit. 
  • keep training treats very small
  • no other snacks
  • food consistently available throughout the day, to stave off hypoglycaemia
  • don’t overfeed
  • balance feeding with 20 minutes a day of exercise (leashed walk) to help your toy dog build muscle tone

Here’s a quick guide to help you pick better quality food — 

Let's sum up: does your Morkie really need small breed dog food?

Being labelled for toy dogs, doesn’t mean the food is superior than regular dog food.

Always check the label carefully – especially the first 5 ingredients. They are what matters most. You want to see real meat products named, not “meat by-products” or “meat meal.” Instead look for beef, chicken, lamb, etc.  And avoid anything called a by-product.

If the food checks out, and there is a small dog version available (at the same price), then go for it. Otherwise, stick to a regular, quality food.

Download a list of quality dog foods to take shopping

If you feed your Morkie commercial food, you’ll want this list. Download it here free. 

Prescription dog food – legit or scam?

Prescription dog food – legit or scam?

When you look closely at the ingredients, it’s pretty clear that in nearly every case, prescription dog food is just regular food with a new label and a much bigger price tag. Sure, there are some extra ingredients, but they are WAY down on the label.

Manufacturers are aggressively competing against one another in the lucrative pet food market, by introducing ‘new’ versions of food. Many of these trends parallel our own foodie trends:

  • continued emphasis on protein – including alternative protein sources like quinoa and lentils
  • vegan or vegetarian food
  • low protein food
  • grain-free is now almost half the market in dog food
  • prescription diets
  • food formulated for small dogs
  • breed-specific food such as Royal Canin kibble for Yorkshire Terriers

 Trendy new dog foods are all about PROFITS

These “new” dog foods aren’t really new, and they aren’t designed with your dog’s health first. They’re designed to increase PROFITS for pet food manufacturers.

Before you shell out big bucks for these specialty foods, take a closer look and be sure you’re not being manipulated by this multibillion dollar industry.

 

don't be a puppet to pet food makers

Let’s look at an example of prescription dog food vs regular food

Dana Scott from Dogsnaturallymagazine.com has just written an extensive review of prescription dog food, versus regular store food.

It’s hard to see how prescription dog food, or veterinary diets, are worth the premium pricing. Here’s an example from dogsnaturallymagazine.com.

Here, we compare the ingredients ABOVE the named fat, which represent the bulk of what’s in the food. (Read more about how dog food ingredients are listed in this blog)

PRESCRIPTION DIET

Hill’s Science Diet Healthy Mobility Dry Dog Food for Joint Health

Chicken Meal
Whole Grain Wheat
Brewers Rice
Whole Grain Sorghum
Cracked Pearled Barley
Brown Rice
Soybean Meal
Dried Beet Pulp
Chicken Liver Flavour
Pork Fat

So, as you can see, the main ingredients are the same in both foods. What’s different? THE PRICE!

REGULAR DIET

Ingredients from Iams Veterinary Formula Joint Plus Dry Dog Food

Chicken by-product meal
Corn meal
Ground sorghum
Ground whole barley
Chicken (meal or whole)
Chicken flavour
Dried Beet Pulp
Chicken Fat

In most markets, the prescription food is almost TWICE AS MUCH MONEY as the regular food.

As with all my columns, this information is for your consideration. Please do not make changes to your dog’s diet, medication or exercise plan without consulting a professional.

Our pets are getting progressively fatter and sicker eating processed pet food.

 

The best prescription: a whole, healthy diet for your Morkie

Your Morkie is a carnivore and needs quality meat. Yet commercial food can be nothing but empty calories, and stuff like CORN which isn’t what dogs need. Or worse, processed dog food can contain carcinogens, triggering cancer.

Dr. Karen Becker, of healthypets.Mercola.com offers a NEW list of Best to Worst Ranking of 13 Pet Foods.

From the best – Nutritionally balanced raw homemade diet to the worst, an unbalanced homemade diet, raw or cooked.

 

 

Here’s Dr. Becker’s list:

Nutritionally balanced raw homemade diet
Nutritionally balanced cooked homemade diet
Commercially available balanced raw food diet
Dehydrated or freeze-dried raw diet
Commercially available cooked or refrigerated food
Human-grade canned food
Super premium canned food
Human-grade dry food
Super premium dry food
Grocery store brand canned food
Grocery store brand dry food
Semi-moist pouched food
Unbalanced homemade diet, raw or cooked

Do small dogs need special food?

Do small dogs need special food?

What’s the best dog food for small dogs? And do small dogs need special food, or is any good dog food OK? Here are 5 top questions about dog food for small dogs like Morkies.

1. Is kibble or canned better for small dogs?

pick this not that for your dogJust like us, dogs can get bored eating the same thing, day after day. So switch it up with different brands, and don’t hesitate to use both kibble and wet food together.

If you’re buying commercial dog food, look for quality ingredients,  whether you’re buying kibble or canned (wet) food.

What makes up “quality ingredients?” Pick food with a ‘real’ source of protein in the first 5 ingredients. For example, beef, chicken or salmon. AVOID food that is labelled “meat” “poultry” or “fish.” AVOID meat by-products (named or not).

AVOID: bone meal, meat meal, corn high up on the label, and food that includes a ‘flavour.’ Why? Because that flavour is usually added to disguise the poor quality of the main ingredients. If a dog food is made with chicken, why would you need to add chicken flavour?

How are ingredients ranked on a dog food label?

Ingredients in dog food are ranked by weight

All ingredients must be listed in order of predominance by weight, including the ingredient’s water. So without a complex formula which removes the weight of the water in the dog food, it’s not fair to compare a dry food with a canned food. However, kibbles can be compared to one another, and canned foods can be compared fairly.

 

  • First 5 ingredients – make up the bulk of the food, and are most important

  • Above the named fat – another way to look at it, is the ingredients above the named fat, are what matter.

  • First 3 ingredients – generally make up the protein of the food

2. Why a high quality food is important for small dogs

Small dogs need all the nutrition a big dog does, but with a difference.

Small dogs actually need to eat more calories for their body weight, than larger dogs. That’s because smaller dogs usually have faster metabolisms and will burn off energy at a faster rate than larger dogs. For example, a Maltese needs more than twice as many calories per pound as a Great Dane.

Since small dogs are, well, small…. they can’t afford to fill up on low-quality ingredients like corn and other grains. Another reason you need the best dog food for small dogs.

 

 

3. Are breed-specific foods worth it?

Spoiler alert: Nope. What matters is that the food is species-specific… that is, it’s made for DOGS.

You might wonder sometimes, when you see ingredients like CORN first on the dog food label. When’s the last time you heard of a wolf breaking into a farmer’s field, shucking a few cobs and feasting on corn? Like never.

This doesn’t stop manufacturers from extending their pet food lines with plenty of silly options, like breed-specific food. Let’s look at two dry foods specifically for Yorkies, compared to a premium brand for small dogs.

Two breed-specific, specialty foods – for Yorkies

Eukanuba Yorkshire Terrier Food

Eukanuba Yorkshire Terrier Dry Food

First ingredients:

  • Chicken
  • Chicken By-Product Meal
  • Corn Meal
  • Ground Whole Grain Sorghum
  • Brewers’s Rice
  • Chicken Fat

Chicken as the first ingredient is excellent. Meal is a concentrated version of the meat named, and so delivers excellent protein value; however, poultry by-products are the really ghastly parts like beaks and feet. Corn meal is the third ingredient, and it’s a controversial one. One thing we do know is, that as a whole grain, corn is not easily digested by dogs.

Sorghum is usually fed to cattle and Brewer’s Rice, or broken rice, are the broken bits of regular rice, which are rejected for people. They’re OK, nutrition wise, for pets.

10 pounds – at Chewy.com – $31.49

All in all, a pretty average food.

royal canine yorkie food - kibble

Royal Canin Breed Health Nutrition Yorkshire Terrier

First ingredeints:

  • Brewer’s rice
  • Brown rice
  • Chicken by-product meal
  • Chicken fat
  • Wheat gluten

Brewer’s Rice is an odd ingredient to find first in a dog food. (see Eukanuba description, left)

This is a medium quality food, heavy on the carbs which small dogs like Morkies don’t need.

10 pounds – at Chewy – $38.69

My personal opinion is that this ranks well below the just-average Eukanuba, at left.

A much better choice – 

Wellness CORE Grain-Free Small Breed Turkey & Chicken Recipe Dry Dog Food

 

12 pounds –  $37.99

      • Deboned turkey
      • Turkey meal
      • Chicken meal
      • Potatoes
      • Peas
      • Dried Ground Potatoes
      • Chicken Fat

      Premium natural ingredients, with no wheat, corn, soy preservatives or artificial colours and flavours.

      Provides energy without all the carbs, thanks to high-quality protein. Complete with probiotics, glucosamine, Omega fatty acids for coat health, antioxidants and more.

       AND, IT’S CHEAPER PER POUND THAN THE BREED-SPECIFIC FOODS.

       

      4. Should I pick a food that’s specially made for small breeds?

      Some kibble comes in smaller sizes for smaller dogs, like the Wellness Core, above. That’s not a bad idea, as long as the food itself is high quality. Other than the size of kibble, there’s no reason small dogs need a different recipe than their big friends.

      cesar dog food commercial

      A frame from the latest Cesar Dog Food commercial.

      Pulling the heartstrings of small dog owners

      cesar dog foodSome foods are specially marketed to small dog owners. Cesar Savory Delights is a good example. Ads feature a  single man or woman, alone with their soulmate, a tiny dog. These ads are targeted at the GenX/Boomer pet parent, who is lonely, but thankfully, has his fur baby for company. So naturally he wants the best for that dog – and the implication is, that’s Cesar! 

      This food is one of the poorest quality on the market. Why?

      After water, the top 5 ingredients are:

        • beef by-products – which is industry-speak for slaughterhouse waste. This isn’t meat, it’s the leftovers, rejected for hot dogs. Can include lungs, brain, intestines, even tumours! 
        • animal liver – the animal isn’t named, so it could be anything, including any combination of pigs sheet, goats and horses. 
        • chicken – good!
        • meat by-products – slaughterhouse waste again, but from what animal??? Could even roadkill!
        • bacon – the cured fatty meat from the belly of the pig. Hmmm.

        5. Can small dogs handle a RAW diet?

        Yes they can. But RAW diets are about more than slicing off some sirloin before you toss that steak on the barbie…

        It’s important to handle raw meat carefully; especially for YOUR health. Your dog may love it, but raw meat is still full of potentially harmful toxins, bacteria and even parasites. Dogs are more resistant, but they’re not immune to some of these dangers.

        A RAW diet isn’t without digestion problems either, especially when you get started. Launching a new feeding regime can be tricky.

        And the number one issue: ensuring your Morkie gets the right nutrition. For a RAW diet, this takes a lot of planning and knowledge to balance the ingredients, and ensure all the micronutrients and vitamins and minerals are delivered in a RAW diet.

        Next: 'Prescription' or Veterinary Diets - Scam or Solution?

        Homemade dog treats

        Homemade dog treats

        Want to make your own homemade dog treats? As we saw in the last post, commercial dog treats and jerky snacks can be sketchy. And rawhide bones are really dangerous! So make your own and you can count on quality dog treats for your Morkie.

          Over the holidays, you might get a chance to make your own homemade dog treats.

          Here are my favourite recipes, in handy downloadable format.

          Plus a template you can download, if you want to make your own cookie cutters too.

          Morkie puppy

          Make your own cookie cutters

          It’s easy, and there are 3 ways to do it:

          1. Cut up an empty pop can, into 1″ wide strips. Bend the top edge over about 1/4″ or cover with masking tape to protect your fingers. Shape, tape it and voila – cookie cutter!

          2. Use a disposable foil baking tray to cut 1″ long strips of foil, and bend them to your design.

          3. Simple tin foil, folded 6 times into a 1″ wide strip.

          Three ways to make your own cookie cutters

          Be careful of the tin edges; they can be sharp.

           

           

          make your own cookie cutter from stuff around the house

          Grain-Free Peanut Butter Dog Treats

          These are very healthy and high in protein. Plus, they’re grain free – perfect for the Morkie with allergies.

           

          1 Medium Banana
          2 large eggs
          1/2 cup creamy peanut butter
          1 cup chickpea flour (try Bulk Barn or similar store)
          1/2 cup coconut flour
          1/4 teaspoon baking soda

          Preheat the oven to 350.

          Mash banana, then beat in eggs and then peanut butter. In a separate bowl, combine chickpea flour, coconut flour and baking soda.

          Gradually add the flour mixture to the banana/peanut butter mix.

          When well blended, roll the dough out to 1/4″ thick and use your favourite cut outs to make cookies.

          Bake for 14 minutes until treats are golden brown.

          Remove and let cool completely. Store in a sealed container.

          Pumpkin Peanut Butter Cookies

          This recipe, from Blue Pearl Vet, looks good enough for us to eat. In fact….

           

          dog treats homemade

          ½ cup unsweetened pumpkin puree – canned. Not the pie filling; just pure pumpkin.
          ½ cup plain peanut butter
          1 ¼ cup whole wheat flour

          Preheat the oven to 325º F

          Mix all three ingredients together and knead. Add extra flour if the mixture is too sticky.
          Roll out to about ⅓” thick then cut into squares with pizza cutter.


          Bake for 15 to 20 minutes or until crunchy and golden.

           

          Crispy Apple Treats

          from Blue Pearl Vet

          It doesn’t get any easier!

          Slice fresh apples very thin, carefully removing all seeds and stem.
          Place on a baking sheet in a single layer, and bake at 150º F for about 5 ½ hours.
          Store in a sealed container in the refrigerator.

           

           

          Please download your free recipes, and cookie cutter template.

          sweet potato chews for dogs

          Sweet Potato Chews

          from Blue Pearl Vet

          Slice a sweet potato into pieces of inch thickness. Cut the sweet potato crosswise for smaller, round coins.

          Lay the slices onto an ungreased baking sheet lined with parchment paper, and bake at 250º F for 2 or 3 hours until they are dry with crispy edges.

          Flip them halfway through baking to ensure they cook evenly.

          Cool and serve to your dog. Store in a sealed container in the refrigerator.

           

          Got a favourite recipe you’d like to share? Please post below.

          Can dogs eat turkey?

          Can dogs eat turkey?

          It’s that festive time of year, and you might be wondering can dogs eat turkey? They can… but it’s not that great for them. That’s because turkey skin and dark meat is fatty. And of course, turkey bones are really bad for dogs.

          If you want to make your Morkie a holiday treat… 

          …try one slice of turkey white meat

          • no gravy
          • remove the skin
          • no bones
          • no added fat or juice
          • no dressing or cranberry
          • just plain, white meat

          The dangers of too much turkey

          Turkey isn’t dangerous for dogs, but depending on how it’s cooked, it’s not easily digested by dogs. Plus, it can be fatty and can cause stomach upsets for a small dog like a  Morkie. 

          High-fat table scraps and meats can cause pancreatitis in dogs — the Pet Health Network advises that “Even if your dog doesn’t normally eat a high-fat diet, the introduction of a large amount of fatty food all at once can cause acute pancreatitis.” That’s pancreatitis that comes on suddenly and is unexpected, and it can be very painful for your Morkie.

          Symptoms of pancreatitis: loss of appetite, vomiting, and abdominal pain. A swollen abdomen is another symptom, along with lethargy and diarrhea.

            Can dogs eat turkey? Some Q&As

            Does turkey cause diarrhea in dogs?

            High fat scraps and meats can cause pancreatitis — the Pet Health Network advises that “Even if your dog doesn’t normally eat a high-fat diet, the introduction of a sudden fatty meal and be painful AND dangerous.

            Can my dog have the stuffing?

            Not a good idea; dogs cannot eat ONIONS, and should avoid large amounts of garlic and other spices.

            Stick to a small piece of white meat, with no gravy or trimmings and your Morkie will thank you in the long run (maybe not, but he’ll be healthy)

            Does turkey make dogs sleepy?

            The stuff in turkey that causes us to get sleepy is Tryptofan. It’s possible that Tryptofan in turkey can have a mildly sedating effect on dogs too. If your Morkie conks out early, it’s either that, or all the excitement!

            Can I give a turkey neck to my dog?

            You can – but only if it is RAW.  If the turkey neck is cooked, the bones will shatter, and could pierce your Morkie’s digestive tract. Never give your dog cooked bones. Raw is perfectly good – if your dog is used to whole raw meaty bones. If not, the holidays may not be the best time to try feeding RAW.

            Can dogs have turkey bones?

            No, no, no.  Unless they are uncooked. Cooked bones will turn into shards when a dog bites into them, causing long-lasting damage to the digestive system, and even DEATH!

            Can I give my Morkie the turkey liver?

            Most turkeys come packed with a little gift bag – giblets, which include the liver, kidneys, heart, gizzard and neck. Cover with water in a small pan, and bring to a boil. Reduce to medium and cook for 5 to 10 minutes or until giblets are cooked through. Your Morkie will LOVE it!

            Here’s a great recipe from CanineJournal.com for a dog-safe treat made from leftover turkey.

            Realizing that his dog ate the Christmas turkey, David Barrett posted:  “There’s the culprit, she can’t move.”

            Funny / not funny

            Bubba, a dog in England, snuck into the kitchen on Christmas Eve and ate an entire turkey!  Luckily the dog survived, even though the owner, David Barrett, says she could not MOVE, and just crashed out on the carpet all Christmas day.

            We hope that feast was worth it for Bubba, since her family has now said the plump pooch will be put on a New Year’s diet.

            Here’s the dog’s normal size

            Best dog food brands for your Morkie

            Best dog food brands for your Morkie

            What are some of the best dog food brands you could pick for your Morkie? It’s important that you get the best dog food for small dogs, because there’s no room for fillers and empty calories. Morkies are tiny, so every bite they eat should be nutritionally sound and balanced.

            But deciperhing reports, labels and marketing B.S., is a lot of work. We’ve done the heavy lifting for you, with a list at the bottom of the post, that you can download. It features 10 best dog food brands for your Morkie and 10 really horrible choices – and why.

             

            When you’re shopping for commercial dog food for your Morkie, check the label — at least the first 5 ingredients.

            PICK THIS

            Food that has lots of real, named protein at the top of the label – things like beef, chicken, salmon, lamb and so on.

            Food whose source of fat is named – beef fat, poultry, fat. etc.  Unnamed fat can be anything, including used restaurant grease

             

             

            NOT THAT

            Definitely AVOID any food with what’s just called “meat” or just called “poultry.”

            AVOID meat by-products (named or not); and AVOID generic fat, such as “animal fat.” Instead, opt for a NAMED fat such as “beef fat.”

            Don’t pick a dog food that has added sweetener listed on the label. This includes sugar, sucrose, molasses, corn syrup and fructose. It’s only in the food to disguise the putrid flavour of the food itself.

            Avoid foods that include corn, corn gluten, wheat, and other cheap fillers, in the first 5 ingredients.

            Beyond the first 5 ingredients, reject food that contains:

            • preservatives like BHA, BHT, TBHQ, propyl gallate, ethoxyquin
            • sugar, corn syrup, propylerne glycol, sucrose, sorbitol, cane sugar
            • artificial colourings, flavourings, MSG, caramel colour

            Here’s the label from popular Kibbles ‘n Bits

            Is this a leading dog food, or cattle feed? Corn is the main ingredient, which has little useful nutrients to dogs. Soybean meal is a by-product of the soy oil industry. And beef & bone meal is processed and dried slaughterhouse waste!

            Ingredients: Corn, soybean meal, beef & bone meal, whole wheat, animal fat (BHA used as preservative), corn syrup, wheat middlings, water sufficient for processing, animal digest (source of chicken flavor), propylene glycol, salt, hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride, peas, caramel color, sorbic acid (used as a preservative), choline chloride, sodium carbonate, minerals (ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, manganous oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite), vitamins (vitamin E supplement, niacin, d-calcium pantothenate, vitamin A supplement, riboflavin supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, folic acid, biotin), dl-methionine, calcium sulfate, carrots, green beans, wheat flour, titanium dioxide (color), yellow 5, yellow 6, red 40, BHA (used as a preservative), blue 1

            The first 5 ingredients:

            1. corn
            2. soybean meal
            3. beef & bone meal
            4. whole wheat
            5. animal fat (BHA used as preservative)

             

            And #6 ingredient is corn syrup!


            Is this a leading dog food, or cattle feed? Corn is the main ingredient, which has little useful nutrients to dogs. Soybean meal is a by-product of the soy oil industry. And beef & bone meal is processed and dried slaughterhouse waste!

            Download the one-pager

            Get this handy summary for shopping:

            • Top dog food brands and horrible dog food  brands.
            • Why some foods are not recommended.

             

            Acana
            Blue Buffalo – all canned and dry
            Eagle Pack (beef) – canned
            Freshpet (rolls and pouches)
            Fromm Family Gold (canned)
            Fromm Four Star Nutritionals (canned)
            Go! Daily Defense (dry) and Go! canned
            Horizon (dry) call sub-brands
            Orijen (dry and canned) all sub-brands
            Primal Raw Frozen Mixes (Raw Frozen)
            Simply Nourish Source (Dry)
            Stella & Chewy’s Meal Mixer Superblends (Freeze-Dried)
            Wellness Core (all dry and canned)
            Whole Earth Farms (canned and dry)

            Alpo (dry)
            Beneful (dry)
            Cesar Savory Delights (wet tubs) – includes Angus Beef Flavor , Filet Mignon Flavor, etc. Cesar (dry)
            Gravy Train Dog Food (canned and dry)
            Hills Science Diet (canned and dry)
            Kal Kan Dog Food (dry)
            Kibbles & Bits (dry)
            Ol’ Roy (canned and dry)
            Pedigree Dog Food* (dry)*This label includes 11 sub-brands such as Pedigree Small Dog Complete Nutrition Grilled Steak and Vegetable Flavor (plus other flavors)
            Purina Dog Chow (dry)
            Purina Moist and Meaty (semi-moist) 
            Purina One (canned and dry)
            Royal Canin Lifestyle Health Nutrition Urban Life (Dry)
            Science Diet – see Hills.

            The descriptions and analyses expressed in this and every article on the website wwwaboutmorkies.com represent the views and opinions of the author.

            What is the best dog food for your Morkie?

            What is the best dog food for your Morkie?

            Your Morkie deserves the best dog food, but with more than 5,000 varieties of commercial dog food available on the shelves today, how can you pick healthy dog food brands from the garbage? Here’s the scoop, plus 12 top quality foods you can buy.

            There's only one way to pick a healthy dog food brand: Read the label. Very carefully.

             

            First, look for foods that do not contain dangerous or toxic ingredients.

            Next, look for healthy ingredients.

            I’m not going to lie – this is not food we’d ever like to eat. But it’s clean, pure and unadulterated. And it’s perfect for dogs.

            Avoid all dog food that lists any of these ingredients: 

            MEAT. Just generic or unnamed meat can be from almost any kind of animal you can imagine. It could be road kill, euthanized pets, or spoiled grocery meats complete with styrofoam trays and plastic wrap. Look for food that NAMES the species. For example, beef, lamb, salmon, chicken, etc. 

            OTHER GENERIC NAMES such as animal fat – or is it used restaurant grease? Could be.
            Is Meat and Bone Meal listed? The problem is, you don’t know meat and bones from what animal??!!  Horse, goat, donkey??

            Foods with ARTIFICIAL INGREDIENTS including the preservatives BHA, BHT, ethoxyquin and propylene glycol.

            • BHA is a preservative that’s linked to cancer in laboratory animals by the World Health Organization. It’s banned from use in human food in Europe and Japan, yet we feed it to our dogs.
            • BHT is also believed to cause cancer.Propylene glycol is a food stabilizer. It’s a synthetic liquid substance that absorbs water.The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has classified propylene glycol as an additive that is “generally recognized as safe” for use in food.

            I want better than that for my dogs and I’m sure you do too.

            Look for foods with healthy ingredients

            Healthy dog food brands go beyond excluding bad ingredients. They actually contain GOOD stuff for our dogs.

            Here’s what you want to see:

            • named animal protein – near the top of the list and plenty of it
            • whole veggies, fruits and grains
            • a ‘best by’ date that is at least 6 months away

            The sad story of Kibbles ‘n Bits

            A food with both hard crunchy kibble and soft chewy pieces, Kibbles ‘n Bits was introduced in 1981 by Big Heart Pet Brands. It was later sold to H. J. Heinz and then Del Monte.

            Today, it is the 5th largest dry dog food brand in the USA, churning out about 1.7 million pounds a day or almost HALF A BILLION pounds a year!

            Here’s the ingredient list, exactly as it appears on the package of Kibbles ‘n Bits:

            Ingredients:

            Corn, soybean meal, beef & bone meal, whole wheat, animal fat (BHA used as preservative), corn syrup, wheat middlings, water sufficient for processing, animal digest (source of chicken flavor), propylene glycol, salt, hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride, peas, caramel color, sorbic acid (used as a preservative), choline chloride, sodium carbonate, minerals (ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, manganous oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite), vitamins (vitamin E supplement, niacin, d-calcium pantothenate, vitamin A supplement, riboflavin supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, folic acid, biotin), dl-methionine, calcium sulfate, carrots, green beans, wheat flour, titanium dioxide (color), yellow 5, yellow 6, red 40, BHA (used as a preservative), blue 1.

            Experts say the first five ingredients tell the story:

            1. corn
            2. soybean meal
            3. beef & bone meal
            4. whole wheat
            5. animal fat (BHA used as preservative)
            6. corn syrup

            Corn? Corn? How is corn dog food? (And I’ve shown item #6 since it is corn syrup; yes, that syrupy sweet stuff they used to pour on our toast at camp!)

            And it gets worse…

            Kibbles ‘n Bits was recalled

            by the FDA in February, 2018*

            Sodium Pentobarbital was found in Kibbles ‘n Bits. Sodium Pentobarbital is a drug used to euthanize pets and small animals. It is NOT used to slaughter cows, sheep, pigs or any other food you’d expect your dog to eat.

            The amount found is negligible as far as health goes, but that’s not the point.

            Where and how in the supply chain does this drug get into dog food? 

            Many pet food companies buy raw goods from rendering facilities that process animals euthanized at animal shelters.

            That means that some pet food is made from a variety of meats that humans wouldn’t eat, including diseased livestock and cats and dogs containing lethal doses of sodium pentobarbital.

            In other words, the body of a stray dog killed in a shelter may be ground up into dog food. Whether the Kibbles ‘n Bits recall is related to this practice is unknown. But logic says, there can’t be any other way it got there. 

            * see the story in Newsweek magazine, or here on CBS

            If we can’t trust a major, internationally-popular brand

            like Kibbles ‘n Bits, where do we turn?

            We read the labels ourselves. Very carefully.

            In the meantime, here are some choices I've checked out for you.

            What is the best dog food? Here are some healthy dog food brands.

            There are many good, reputable dog food manufacturers out there. I’ve picked a very small sample to show you.

            DRY FOOD – KIBBLE

            Acana Heritage Free Run Poultry, Red Meat, Meadowland –  all Acana is good for your dog.

            Go! Daily Defence

            Horizon Complete or Horizon Legacy

            Merrick Backcountry

            Origen Original

            Wellness Complete Health

            Here’s the kind of ingredients you want to see

            Acana Heritage Dog Food

            Fresh chicken meat (12%), chicken meal (12%), turkey meal (12%), red lentils, whole green peas, field beans, chicken fat (5%), fresh chicken giblets (liver, heart, kidney) (4%), herring meal (4%), fresh whole eggs (4%), fresh whole flounder (4%), herring oil (2%), sun-cured alfalfa (2%), green lentils (2%), whole yellow peas, pea fiber, fresh chicken cartilage (1%), dried brown kelp, fresh whole pumpkin, fresh whole butternut squash, fresh whole parsnips, fresh kale, fresh spinach, fresh mustard greens, fresh turnip greens, fresh whole carrots, fresh red delicious apples, fresh bartlett pears, freeze-dried chicken liver, freeze-dried turkey liver, fresh whole cranberries, fresh whole blueberries, chicory root, turmeric, milk thistle, burdock root, lavender, marshmallow root, rose hips, Enterococcus faecium, supplements: zinc chelate, vitamin E (preservative)

            WET FOOD – CANNED

            Fromm Grain Free varieties, including grain free chicken and duck pate; shredded beef in gravy, etc.

            Go! Fit + Free variety of flavours that sound pretty darned good – turkey and trout stew anyone?

            Holistics Select Grain Free Beef Pate, Chicken Pate, etc.

            Merrick Grain Free and Chunky Grain Free canned foods including flavours like Pappy’s Pot Roast Dinner, Cowboy Cookout and more.

            Nature’s Variety Instinct – chicken and beef formulas are available.

            Wellness Core canned products including homestyle grain free beef stew with carrots and potatoes.

            A good canned food

            sample label, from

            Go! Fit + Free

            Chicken, chicken broth, turkey broth, chicken liver, turkey, turkey liver, potatoes, dried egg whites, potato starch, carrots, peas, trout, sweet potatoes, salmon, herring, red peppers, guar gum, flaxseed, sodium phosphate, potassium chloride, apples, calcium carbonate, minerals (zinc amino acid chelate, iron amino acid chelate, selenium yeast, copper amino acid chelate, manganese amino acid chelate, cobalt amino acid chelate, potassium iodide), salt, vitamins (vitamin E supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin A supplement, riboflavin supplement, biotin, vitamin B12 supplement, vitamin D3 supplement), choline chloride, sunflower oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols), tricalcium phosphate, Yucca schidigera extract

            be a label reader and save yourself some grief

            What’s the best dry dog food for your Morkie?

            What’s the best dry dog food for your Morkie?

            What’s so bad about generic “meat”?

            If a pet food label says “meat” instead of the specific source of meat like beef, lamb or chicken, and so on, then beware. You don’t know where the meat has come from, or what kind of animal it was.

            If the meat is not named, it can be literally anything, including animals that didn’t make it to the slaughterhouse and died on the way (The infamous 4-D meats, dead, dying, diseased and disabled.)

            It can be road kill. It can be cats or other dogs, picked up after they’ve been euthanized at the pound or shelter.

            The best dry dog food for your Morkie can be described in two words.

            Real &

            Simple

            The best dry dog food contains named meat – like beef or chicken. Not meat by-product meal.

            Grains, if they’re even in the food, should be waaaay down on the ingredients list.

            And the fat source in the food should be named as well, not simply listed as “fats” – otherwise the food could actually contain USED RESTAURANT GREASE.

            The best dog food brands

            Acana from Champion
            Amicus from Horizon
            Before Grain from Merrick
            Blue Buffalo Chicken and Brown Rice Small Bite Adult
            Frommfirst place dog foods
            Go! Sensitivity
            Holistic Precise
            Life’s Abundance
            NOW!
            Orjen from Champion
            Pinnacle
            Wellness Core

            *There are many more excellent products; these are just a few. They’re ranked as the best because they contained named meats and fats, and don’t contain dangerous preservatives, chemicals and unnecessary sweeteners.

            We can thank RENDERING for this dog’s breakfast

            We all agree: food has to be processed;  it has to be reasonably affordable; it has to be safe and it has to be nutritional. These factors all depend on HOW the ingredients in dog food are processed. Most pet foods start with a process called rendering, and this is where the problems begin.

            Rendering has been around since ancient times. It’s a process of recycling food waste to make it useful for something else. That something else is often pet food. So far, so good.

            Except that quality control is a huge problem. Anything that’s deemed too horrible for human consumption goes into the big grinders in rendering plants, to start the process.

            This includes:

            • putrid flesh – dead, diseased and dying animal flesh – not allowed in our food (the pet food industry calls this the 3Ds of supply)
            • parts of animals not allowed in our food including hide, bones, digestive system and it contents, brain, feces and udders, hooves, chicken beaks… the list goes on
            • roadkill (which may have been drying in the sun for some time)
            • pets that have been euthanized, including the sodium pentobarbital used to kill them at shelters.
            • rotten meat from local grocery stores (Styrofoam packaging and all)

            If the label says:

            by-product, meal, tallow, animal fat, or grease

            It’s probably from a rendering plant, and the quality can’t be trusted. Avoid, avoid, avoid.

            Some of the worst dog foods…

             

            …are the ones you see advertised on TV.

            Poor quality dog food brands

            ALPO BY PURINA
            BENEFUL BY PURINA
            EUKANUBA
            HILL’S SCIENCE DIET ORIGINAL
            IAMS
            KIBBLES N BITS
            OL ROY From WALMART
            PEDIGREE
            PURINA DOG CHOW

            Can dogs eat cat food?

            Can dogs eat cat food?

            If your Morkie is like most dogs, he LOVES cat food. But why? Novelty is one appeal of the cat’s dinner. Plus it smells different and has a much stronger, meatier taste. That’s because cat food has a much higher level of protein than dog food. It won’t hurt your dog to have the occasional bowl of cat food, but cats and dogs should stick to their own specialized meals.

            Cat food versus dog food

            What’s the difference?

            Cats are obligate carnivores

            That means they MUST have a lot of protein, in the form of meat.

            Can cats eat dog food?

            Cat food has high protein levels that they need

            • cats need a lot of meat protein; more than a dog and don’t tolerate the starchy ingredients in most dog food (wheat, ground corn, etc.)
            • their teeth aren’t suited to grinding, like a dog’s or a human’s
            • cat food contains vitamin A and taurine, two nutrients cats need to live healthy, happy lives
            • taurine is an amino acid which is necessary for cats for proper bile formation, eye health, and functioning of the heart muscle
            • dog food is also missing arachidonic acid  – this is one of the essential fatty acids cats need. Dogs need it too, but to put it simplistically, dogs can manufacture arachidonic acid.
            • cats also need higher levels of niacin, a B vitamin, in their food

            Dogs are omnivores

            That means they can get nutrition from more than just meat.

            Can dogs eat cat food?

            Dogs thrive on more variety in their food

            • dogs need a diet with more fiber than a strictly carnivorous diet (cat food) can provide
            • the level of protein in dog food is tempered with starch fillers, such as grains, ground corn, or produce like peas
            • over time, too high a concentration of protein, like what’s found in cat food, can cause serious health problems for dogs because all that protein puts a heavy load on internal organs like the kidneys, liver and pancreas
            • protein-dense cat food can cause stomach upset in your Morkie, although most dogs seem to get away with the occasional “treat” of stolen cat food without huge consequences
            • more on Small Dog Breed Food

            Can dogs eat cat food? Can CATS each DOG food?

            can dogs eat cat food or is it bad?

            The downside of dog food for cats

            Cats who exist on dog food will be seriously shortchanged when it comes to nutrition. Over time, their health will deteriorate quite drastically.   While dogs who eat too much cat food might get an upset stomach — and in extreme cases they could develop pancreatitis — it’s much more serious for cats to subsist on dog food.

            The downside of cat food for dogs

            Obviously cat food isn’t made for dogs. It doesn’t have the wider variety of ingredients, and more importantly it is too protein-dense. That can cause an upset stomach, diarrhea and vomiting. But all those symptoms will disappear fairly quickly. The more serious problem with cat food for dogs is, it could cause pancreatitis which is life-threatening. Symptoms of pancreatitis include:

            Weakness; Lethargy; Appetite loss; Vomiting; Distended abdomen; Diarrhea; Fever




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